5 Things I Do When Setting Up Ubuntu Server

This is the first 5 things I do before anything else when setting up a new ubuntu server.

Update the system

Update system packages.

# apt-get update
# apt-get upgrade

Install few packages

Install some needed packages.

# apt-get install build-essential fail2ban curl git-core tmux multitail zsh

Set up etckeeper

Etckeeper is a tool that allows you to keep /etc under git (or other fews CVS) control.

Change the VCS to git, and init etckeeper.

# vim /etc/etckeeper/etckeeper.conf
# etckeeper init
# etckeeper commit "Initial commit."
# etckeeper list-installed

Check etckeeper vcs to get a list of all commands.

Create a user

Create a user for remote access over ssh.

# adduser thomas
# groupadd admin
# usermod -a -G admin thomas
# su thomas

Set up git

$ git config --global user.name "Thomas Sileo"
$ git config --global user.email "thomas.sileo@gmail.com"

Set up security

Disable root login and change the default ssh port.

# vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config
  • set PermitRootLogin to no
  • change default port

Install oh my zsh

Zsh is an newer alternative to bash and oh-my-zsh is a framework for managing zsh configuration.

$ curl -L https://github.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/raw/master/tools/install.sh | sh
$ chsh -s /bin/zsh 
$ zsh

Add some plugins in ~/.zshrc.

plugins=(git extract python pip)

And you ?

What are you used to do when setting up ubuntu server ?

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